Decentralized Business Process Control using Blockchain
An experience report from two applications: Food Supply Chain and Car Registration
Keywords:Blockchain, BPMN, Business Process, Control, DEMO
Many applications supported by blockchain technology are emerging in the industry. Blockchain can be used to enforce the correctness of business process execution and, consequently, increasing the trust among the stakeholders involved in complex business processes. Since few experiences in the area have been reported, more are needed to better understand the benefits and pitfalls of blockchain-based solutions for decentralized business process control. This paper is an experience report of two projects that enforce decentralized business process control using blockchain - a food supply chain and a car registration - using a Design Science Research Methodology approach. Each application follows a different business process design - DEMO and BPMN - leading to different implementations based on Hyperledger Fabric. The major lessons learned are related to the appropriateness of DEMO and BPMN as business process modelling languages in the context of blockchain applications.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal 'Enterprise Modelling and Information Systems Architectures - International Journal of Conceptual Modeling' and the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) the permission of first publication, and the non-exclusive, irrevocable and non-time limited publication permission for the submitted work including the permissions to store, copy, distribute and reproduce their work in printed and electronic form for the duration of the legal copyright. This includes the right of translation. Authors grant the journal 'Enterprise Modelling and Information Systems Architectures - International Journal of Conceptual Modeling' and the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) the permission to license their work under a Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) given an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). The submitting corresponding author on behalf of all co-authors asserts that she/he is entitled to the granting of the above mentioned permissions for the submitted work.