Process Modeling in Decentralized Organizations Utilizing Blockchain Consensus
Blockchain technologies allow for multiple organizations, individuals, and software to become part of a decentralized network where they can reach consensus on the state of the system including all data stored. Due to the ability of reaching consensus even among untrusted actors, the idea of decentralized organizations has been proposed, where both the system components as well as their coordination are distributed. Given such a system of distributed actors, the problem of decentralized coordination for following common goals and planning becomes apparent. This paper addresses the decentralized coordination problem by means of a blockchain-based approach that uses conceptual modeling to reach consensus in decentralized organizations. With a unified view on the processes and instances of distributed actors, the aim is a decentralized planning and execution through models. For this purpose, an existing approach for decentralized process modeling and instance tracking is applied and extended with the possibility for actors to form consensus on an organizational level through blockchain transactions.
Copyright (c) 2020 Felix Härer
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal 'Enterprise Modelling and Information Systems Architectures - International Journal of Conceptual Modeling' and the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) the permission of first publication, and the non-exclusive, irrevocable and non-time limited publication permission for the submitted work including the permissions to store, copy, distribute and reproduce their work in printed and electronic form for the duration of the legal copyright. This includes the right of translation. Authors grant the journal 'Enterprise Modelling and Information Systems Architectures - International Journal of Conceptual Modeling' and the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) the permission to license their work under a Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) given an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). The submitting corresponding author on behalf of all co-authors asserts that she/he is entitled to the granting of the above mentioned permissions for the submitted work.